Steps to Learn a Foreign Language
August 1, 2017
The complexity of learning a foreign language is what makes me love it. Reading, writing, listening and speaking – they are so different, yet connected. Of course, describing each of them is quite a lot of material, so we prepared a couple of useful tips and steps which will help you with learning any foreign language.
Get used to the Pronunciation
The process of getting familiar with the targets’ language pronunciation may be complicated as it is full of words which are hard to memorize and spell, however, it consists of two steps. First –training your ears. I consider using apps like Sounds: The Pronunciation App. Second – training your mouth. Here I would recommend using video tutorials, which will help you to learn the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet).
Use Anki for improving Vocabulary and Grammar
Anki, which is basically a free software which relies on a century of research, provides a special concept of intervals, which is a shortcut for your memorization. It gives you words, notions and phrases exactly when it’s needed, so you can absorb information more effectively.
Choose your Vocabulary Effectively
Due to the benefits given us by computational linguistics, we can learn foreign languages more effectively. For example, if you learn a first thousand of the most frequent words, you will be able to read 70% of all texts. Next thousand gives you 10% more. Next – 4%. You know what to do with this info.
For the best results, we’ve divided the learning process into four stages:
- Learn the correct Pronunciation
First stage starts with training your ears to comprehend and recognize the target’s language speech. You need to make the sound of a foreign language more familiar to your ear and then reproduce it. To make it happen you may use IPA or a good pronunciation book.
- Improving your Vocabulary and Grammar without using your native language
Begin with learning the basic word list. Put them in an Anki deck and learn. Once you know the most frequent words, try to mess around with them. Build sentences and your own definitions by using a grammar book and double-check them at lang-8.com.
- Improve listening, writing and reading
Now, when a target language sounds more familiar and you can operate a decent vocabulary, start writing essays, watching serials and reading books. Don’t forget to use lang-8.com for further corrections and fill your Anki deck.
At the point when you can write ‘fluently’, find a place where you can speak your target language and speak all the time (literally!) Don’t use your native language, because you won’t get that ‘fluency’ that you’re trying to reach.
As we can see, language learning process isn’t hard, yet it isn’t easy. It requires discipline and correct sequence to master. Follow these steps and stages to learn any language for any existent purpose and never ever ask how to learn a language.