Muslim Brotherhood and Hezbollah
Hezbollah is a group of ordinary people who are coached as fighters to go to war during the time of crisis. A political party was originally a clique in Lebanon that followed the seizure of the country by the Israelites in 1982 (Rubin, 2010). It was formed by the Muslim clerics who wanted to force Israelites out of Lebanon and form an Islamic nation there. During the 1980s, Hezbollah involved itself in advanced fights against Israel and took part in Lebanon’s civil war. It obtained its work force from the majorly of the youth and the radicalized group of Amal. During that time, it is alleged that Hezbollah was involved in terrorist’s activities including kidnapping and car bombing that were aimed at the westerners. At the end of the civil war, Syrians disarmed many militia groups. It is believed that Hezbollah did not take part in those actions. They perpetrated various attacks and sustained the guerrilla campaign against Israelites in southern Lebanon until they withdrew in 2000 (Cranmer, 2008). It then emerged as the leading political party in post-civil war Lebanon.
The Muslim Brotherhood, also called Hamas, can be described as a religious and political Islamic organization whose primary aim is to create a state based on active Islamic principles. It was founded in the year 1928 in Egypt (Helfont, 2009). It is one of the leading radical underground forces in Egypt and some countries that actively oppose western influence and impose strict moral discipline usually by violence. The similarities of these groups include the fact that both are political parties, and they train soldiers to fight during the crisis. Both were allies of Iran and Syria. They are also similar to the fact that they were formed in the 1980s. Both groups were considered underground movements that were involved in terrorist activities such as violence and suicide bombings. These two groups came to obtain the recognition from people for the social services they delivered. Hezbollah and the Muslim Brotherhoods were committed to destroying Israel and established an Islamic nation in Palestine (Norton, 2014). They both considered Israel their chief enemy. In as much as these two groups are similar in agendas and commitments, there exist several differences between them. The Muslim Brotherhood is a mainly a Suni Group, while Hezbollah is tremendously Shiite. There exist secretariat differences and opponent local alliances. The main supporter for the Muslim Brotherhood is Qatar, whereas Hezbollah’s chief supporter is still is Iran (Rubin, 2010).
Hezbollah and the Muslim Brotherhood joined electoral politics in 1992 and 2006 respectively. Hamas are openly related to Palestinian politics and the lives of Palestine’s in general. They are mostly based in Gaza, while Hezbollah is based in Southern Lebanon and is associated indirectly with Gaza. Israel Headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood are centered in Damascus, whereas Hezbollah spends most of its time and efforts locally in Lebanon and Syria (Wickham, 2013). They carry out occasional attacks on Israel. The Muslim Brotherhood has a vast diversity of simple rockets, equipped pickup trucks, and knowledge of how to assemble bombs. Hezbollah has all the variety of weapons that the Muslim society has but, in addition, they have armored cars, simple tanks, long range Soviet missiles and other more established military technologies (Rubin, 2010). Hezbollah functions more like an underequipped army rather than the well provided guerrilla organization. The Muslim Brotherhood can engage in partisan wars and thug type fights but they lack aircraft, armored cars and missile armaments.
Both the Muslim Brotherhood and the Hezbollah can be classified as terror groups or private armies. A terrorist grouping is a political organization that uses terror as a weapon to accomplish its aims. They use violence in order to achieve political, religious or ideological goals (Wickham, 2013). This is reached by coercion, intimidation or instillation of fear. Hezbollah and the Muslim Brotherhood carry out crimes that are typical of terrorists, e.g. bombing, kidnapping and hostage takings, armed attacks and assassinations, arsons and for bombing, skyjacking, and hijacking (Norton, 2014). The existence of Hezbollah in Lebanon poses a threat to the entire world. It has attempted and succeeded in executing terror attacks all over the world. Many local and global players have acknowledged it. They have carried out several aggressions, e.g., Hezbollah claimed responsibility for the terror attack in Burgas in 2012 (Helfont, 2009). Six people were killed during the incidence. Although the Muslim Brotherhood perpetrates aggressions, they argue that they should not be included in the terror list because they are popularly elected, and they claim to be struggling for freedom from Israeli oppression. However, Israel states that these militia groups fired its citizens with rocket attacks. They charge the Muslim Brotherhood for using its people as shields to its castigatory strikes by targeting schools, and the moist populated cities.
Hamas and Hezbollah have been partners since their foundation in the 1980s, however, they have undergone a spectacular separation after the eruption of the Syrian conflict in 2011 (Wickham, 2013). One of the reasons they separated is because Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel – a country that is considered an enemy by Lebanon. After this breakup, Hezbollah remained a fanatical loyalist to the Damascus regime, while Hamas relations with Assad eroded. Iran has always been an important component that brought Muslim Brotherhood together (Norton, 2014).
There are two types of terrorism: domestic and international. Domestic terrorism involves activities of terror that are executed by citizens of a particular country on the fellow citizens. The international one involves terror activities committed by persons allied with foreign countries. The acts by Hezbollah and the Muslim Brotherhood fall under international terrorism (Helfont, 2009). The most common types of their incidences include bombing that are the most frequent terror acts. Rebel used improvised explosive equipment that is cheap and easy to make. The modern equipment used by terrorists is tiny and, therefore, difficult to detect. They contain very destructive abilities. For instance, the bombings of two American embassies in Africa in 1998 claimed over 200 lives and injured close to 5000 civilians (Rubin, 2010). In order to form a bargaining position and to obtain publicity, terrorists perpetrate kidnapping and hostage-takings. The representatives of the grouping admit that kidnapping is the most difficult act to conduct but if they are successful, it enables them to get money. They can also demand to release their comrades in prisons in exchange for the hostages. This act includes the capture of an institution or location at the taking of hostages. This provokes a conflict with authorities. Armed attacks and assassinations involve raids, ambushes, and murder of selected victims commonly by bombings or small arms. Drive by shooting is the most traditional method applied by some loosely organized terror groups (Wickham, 2013).
The world considers Hezbollah and the Muslim Brotherhood as terrorist organizations. This classification is based on the activities perpetrated by these groups in the countries in which their headquarters are located and other lands which they consider their sworn enemies. Both movements were founded with a common aim to liberate the Muslims from oppression by the Israelites (Helfont, 2009). However, some of their plans succeed, and others failed due to the signing of peace treaties between the warring countries.