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Hospice Care

Abstract

The Americans are facing an enormous challenge of chronic diseases, which are on the rise. At the heart of this challenge is the hospice care that plays a critical role in safeguarding the welfare of the venerable patients through a family-centered care (Buckingham, 1996). In the same way, this argumentative analysis sheds light on the important role the hospice is playing in the healthcare sector. The relevance of the hospice care is treated from the perspective of increased chronic diseases where there is an evidence-based argument for the massive role of the hospice care. The topic is developed further by a strategic discussion of the ability of hospice care to meet the challenge of an aging population, where there is an increment of senior people who might need the services at a particular stage of their life. To second these arguments, an intentional analysis of hospice care as a means towards a strategic realignment is elaborated. Such an analysis provides an explanation of the reasons why hospice care will soon be a significant player in the healthcare sector in an era characterized by high chronic cases and highly dependent senior persons. The counter argument against prioritizing the hospice care is developed to ensure that the topic is addressed in a holistic manner. However, a well-detailed refutation is availed to demonstrate the immense relevance of empowering the hospice care. The argument is crowned by a conclusion where all the highlights are captured and a reiteration of the crucial role played by the hospice care.

Keyword: hospice care, inclusiveness, realignment

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Hospice Care

Hospice care is a model that is centered upon caring rather than curing objectives. This type of care is availed to the people that face life-threatening illnesses. Actually, this is the rationale behind the goal of providing care rather than curing as the intention is to help the patients by providing a peaceful free of pain surrounding in their final days (NHPCO, 2012). Hospice care plays a crucial role in ensuring that the patients with life-threatening diseases always have a place where they can get a tailor made care that respects and treats the demands of every patient in a unique manner (MedlinePlus, 2016). In fact, this factor is required in order to make the American healthcare system as inclusive as possible. Such an objective was a key intention of the Affordable Act that set the goal to improve the reach of the healthcare sector (Thompson, 2015), a role keenly played by the hospice centers that care for the chronically sick patients. In respect to the huge rise of cases of chronic diseases and the rising number of aging population, hospice care should be considered to be a crucial component of the American healthcare system.

The number of people that suffer from chronic diseases has been consistently increasing. Statistics indicates that approximately 117 million people had one or more chronic diseases in 2012 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). Such a number represents a clear illustration of the critical role that the hospice care plays in ensuring the healthcare sector is holistic in its approach to safeguarding the health of the public. Moreover, the statistic number of 117 million people (Friebert & Williams, 2015), represents a huge fraction of the society, whose needs cannot be ignored. Therefore, there is the need to empower the palliative care to enhance its capacity. Besides, the demand for the hospice care requires a high level of efficiency (Kirk & Jennings, 2014), a phenomenon that can only be attained if the sector is treated equally in the healthcare sector. The reason for such a phenomenon is the fact that the sector efficiency is represented by a well-equipped and staffed hospice centers that cater for patients, who are either too vulnerable or even incapacitated most of the time (Byock, 2013). The majority of these patients end up dying of seven out of ten causes of death that represented  chronic diseases in 2010 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). Therefore, hospice care centers are clearly serving sensitive type of patients who heavily rely on the well-being of the sector as a means of guaranteeing their welfare unlike the majority of other patients.

The huge number of people that reach the advanced age is characterized by high-level dependency that optimally requires hospice care. The life expectancy in America has been characterized by an improvement every year. Currently, the American life expectancy is equal to 78.74 years, a phenomenon that has been brought by improved health care (Xu, Murphy, Kochanek, & Bastian, 2016). This is particularly the case thanks to the advancement in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The impact of the advancement has increased the number of aged people, who have a high prevalence of acute diseases. Due to the suppressed levels of immunity, people in advanced age face a greater risk of contracting chronic diseases and the cases of chronic diseases among the aged are expected to rise with ever improving life expectancy. Moreover, the hospice care serves the senior citizens, whose health condition has left them incapacitated (Ferrell, Coyle, & Paice, 2015). Therefore, it is a valid argument that the demand for hospice care is expected to increase as the number of old people in the society continues to grow.

A more robust hospice care sector provides the healthcare sector with a strategic realignment that helps in meeting the anticipated increase in the hospice care. Investing in hospice care not only ensures that the health sector upholds the spirit of inclusiveness but also prepares the sector to realign strategically to meet the new demand of increased hospice care (MedlinePlus, 2016). The question is the following: how does treating the hospice care with  importance relates to the strategic realignment of the health care sector? The current healthcare sector faces two realities that pose different challenges including increased levels of chronic diseases and improved life expectancy (Kirk & Jennings, 2014). In fact, these variables present the need to empower the industry towards an eventuality with increased hospice care demands. This is in the line with the objectives of serving aged population and chronically ill patients. Therefore, due to the huge number of cases of chronic disease and improved life expectancy the demand in the palliative care is expected to keep increasing. Thus, if the sector is supported in the right manner, the sector will be heavily empowered to serve the imminent increase in the number of people with hospice care related illnesses. 

Hospice care is not important at the primary level since the lives are saved but the majority of the patients end up dying at the hospices. Under the hospice care, the interest is rarely centered on helping the patients to heal but it is usually centered to ensure that the last days are less painful (Wolf, 2016). Therefore, the priority of the hospice care is misplaced, and the majority of efforts should be channeled towards the primary level care as agitated in the Affordable Care Act. However, the same Act calls for an improved reach of the healthcare sector (Thompson, 2015). An improved reach entails ensuring that all the segments of the healthcare sector are considered when policies are being formulated. Moreover, the demand for the improvement of the healthcare sector is entailed in the fact that the healthcare must be directed by the current needs. Similarly, the statics point out that the chronic diseases are on the rise, and such a demand attracts a strategic investment in the hospice care. Thus, it is clear that hospice care will remain a key player in the healthcare sector.

Conclusion

In fact, it is evident that the hospice care forms a crucial component of the healthcare sector and, thus, there is a need to elaborate is at the primary level care. Moreover, it is clear that the high level of chronic diseases and the improved life expectancy provide the foundation for the rising demands for this sector. Thus, there is a need to make a strategic and proactive investment in the sector. Besides, it is evident that there is a need to ensure that all the levels of care including the palliative care are appreciated and invested in diligently in order for the healthcare sector to be inclusive. Similarly, it is evident that investing in hospice care not only improves the capability to enhance the services provided to the chronically ill people but also plays a huge role in empowering the healthcare sector to represent a better place for a population full of different chronic diseases and a society with increasing number of senior citizens. Moreover, if the needs of the hospice care are ignored, such a situation will not only jeopardize the sector’s ability to help the chronically ill patients but will also render the healthcare sector incapable of meeting the eminent increase of palliative care in the future.

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