Civil Containment of Sexual Offenders
Civil Containment of Sexual Offenders
In contemporary society, various organizations attempt to collaborate in order to achieve the best results. Similarly, through the integration of the agencies and the definition of their functions in an accurate manner, efficiency in the criminal justice system ensures excellent outcomes. This structure provides just actions in the society working in relation with other sectors to make sure that society as a whole functions efficiently. The medical profession is an integral part of this cooperation in terms of discovery of various issues about victims and criminals for their successful reintegration in the community after experiencing the criminal events.
In this regard, civil containment of sexual offenders and inclusion of doctors in the process has significant advantages to the justice system. Specifically, physicians can offer a distinct perspective on considering a particular case, as opposed to that of jury, allowing a more objective and effective manner of handling cases. Moreover, the civil containment has led to the creation of better societies through the holding of repeat sexual offenders in correctional institutions. As a result, medical experts play an important role in determining the fate of sexual offenders with respect to civil containment (Brookbanks 2007). For example, sexual offenders face critical examination before their release from the prisons or discharge to mental care institutions. Therefore, the civil containment of sexual offenders has definite procedures which help to refine the measures of justice in society and keep communities safe.
First and foremost, civil containment of sexual offenders guarantees the release of these criminals from the various prisons where they are in a planned way. In other words, the process ensures that specific individuals held in the prisons due to sexual offense face extensive evaluation to determine their levels of risk to the society. In most cases, this procedure targets repeat sexual offenders who are involved in sexually implicating matters in a more random manner (Conrad 2007). Therefore, medical practitioners are useful in the examination phase where they test the criminals and ensure that they are no more a threat to the society. The civil containment process requires that once an individual has low levels of risk to community, they are kept under constant watch to help protect and avert impending attacks. On the other hand, the civil containment process also states that once an individual is a critical threat to the society, they face the strict institutions, which develop interventions to change them for the better. The correctional facilities, where the sexual offenders are taken at some point, equal to the mental asylums (Medina and McCranie 2011). Sometimes, sexual offenders have mental conditions, which affect their personal ways of interacting with the victims. Therefore, specificities of the civil containment process in criminal justice require involvement of the professionals from the medical field.
Moreover, civil containment redefines justice through the inclusion of medical practitioners to validate judgments. Medical practitioners held a critical position in making the decisions regarding the sexual offenders. The doctors have the ultimate expertise to determine whether an individual should end up in the mental asylums or encounter strict evaluation in the correctional institutions. These professionals evaluate a patient and make them undergo psychological tests to identify their potential effectiveness in the society and their levels of change (Smith 2014). Through the critical tests that are available in the medical sector, specialists establish a connection between the offender and the possibility of repetition of the same act in future. This approach helps to justify if the particular offender should be observed in a strict institution, released on probation, or taken to the mental hospital. Therefore, doctors have a great role in development of strategies for the sexual offenders on civil containment (Brookbanks 2007). These practitioners make a decision that can determine the probability of someone’s next move.
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Through the physician’s involvement in the case, the jury obtains information on the way in which the patient should be treated or taken care of to ensure that they are in a good condition and possible offences are prevented. Thus, the decision of doctors determines how such individuals will be treated in society. In most cases, the physician holds a great responsibility when they decide to make the jury aware of the underlying conditions of the patient. When these ideas are reported to respective agencies, decision-makers recommend an appropriate place for the particular patients. Therefore, the doctor should play an integrative role in the criminal justice sector, specifically the determination of sexual offenders’ threat levels.
Civil containment helps to re-establish the decision of the jury in case the doctors have a divergent opinion based on the results of the comprehensive examination of a patient. After the critical evaluation of the patient’s mental health condition and clarification of the probability of a repeat offense, the jury decides whether to reconsider their rehabilitation strategies according to the doctor’s perception. When looking at the cases that affect the society to a greater magnitude, the jury requires stringent actions, which would help in determining the future of the criminal. For instance, when the medical practitioner justifies that a patient holds no threat to the society in general, certain actions will be put in place to help determine the outcome of the situation (Valverde 2012). In case the jury requires an extensive research of a criminal patient, these professionals would refer to various models of examination to reveal the state of the patient. If a doctor decides to release a sexual offender into the society, the jury would decide to study the patient thoroughly. The conflicting decisions between the two parties require a weighted solution to make the well-reasoned next step. In some instances, the jury places the particular criminal in an observational institution where they are under observation for a given period to define their behavioral change (Medina and McCranie 2011). The behavior of a criminal in the organization determines the next move of the jury. Therefore, in a case where the two parties make conflicting decisions, there are stipulate ways of handling the cases. Moreover, the medical and justice system have overlapping functions to ensure the common good of the society as a whole.
Through civil containment, the justice system has experienced instrumental changes. The involvement of physicians has brought along various transformations to the manner of dealing with criminals. When the sentences of offenders finish, civil containment is an option available to approach their release effectively. However, these criminals have to pass the medical examinations to determine how the jury will address this situation. In the traditional setup, after criminals complete their sentences in prisons, they are released into the society. Since this process is likely to result in cases of repeat offense, release of the sexual offenders can be a great detriment to public safety. The cases of repeat sexual offences escalate when mentally retarded individuals exist among the society. With the advent of the medicalization of the civil containment for the target group of criminals, the criminal justice system curbs a possibility of a repeat offense, to a certain degree.
By means of the medical evaluation of the particular crimes, the jury is at a position to establish a connection between the offenders and if they would become criminals shortly. The medical intervention helps to develop a specific way of carrying out duties to the good of the society. The patients that are mentally ill face the mental hospitals as a prevention strategy from committing any other sexually offensive case (Hayes et al. 2009). As a result, those who have a chance of repeatedly carrying out the crime are observed by the specialists of containment institutions, which monitor their activities and progress to become socially acceptable characters. However, the criminals who are found as relatively safe to the society are released back into the community. This procedure is implemented with a probation period to ascertain their exact change into socially acceptable individuals. Therefore, the medicalization of the entire justice system offers an instrument to assist in maintenance of the public safety as it establishes a platform to make the jury look into behaviors of the patients and is able to define the extent of possible harm to the society.
Medicalization of deviance brings numerous changes to the society. The criminal justice system is a primary beneficiary of this process. The manner in which the crimes are evaluated and decisions regarding their fate help to establish a just and justified background for development of the appropriate frameworks to benefit all sides, including offenders, victims, the criminal justice system, and the entire society. Additionally, if a sexual offender commits a crime under the influence of drugs, they undergo rehabilitation to ensure their conscious sobriety of thoughts and actions. This strategy will also help in determining possible threats to the society (Hayes et al. 2009). Through the psychological evaluation of the patients, the medical aspect of the criminal justice system, makes this situation a significant issue which the entire community should understand. In the contemporary society, deviant behaviors are handled extensively with the collaboration of the medical field and the criminal justice system. By means of an in-depth evaluation of the sex offenders’ condition, the jury obtains sufficient evidence for making the entire society free from preventable cases of sexual offense from the criminals. Therefore, the medicalization of deviance plays a significant role in the safety of the community.
Civil containment and involvement of doctors in the justice process enhances the security of the entire society. Repeat sexual offenses, which were on the rise in the traditional society, are reduced in the modern society and medics contribute to this situation sufficiently. In particular, criminals who suffer from the specific obsession that they cannot control commit the repeat sexual offenses. For instance, when a pedophile is released from prison and their obsession with young children is neither controlled nor monitored, they are likely to commit this criminal activity to a greater magnitude (Conrad 2007). These cases pose a danger to society in general and undermine the effectiveness of the justice system particularly. On the other hand, the medical examinations have stipulate measures able to trace that the criminals are well treated so that they do not affect the society. When an offender shows a possibility of obsession with the sexual offense or a belief that an illegal sexual activity offers relief from particular condition, they are not released into the society. The criminals are held in containment facilities and observational institutions (Smith 2014). These systems play a critical role in handling future occurrences of the crime. In this way, the levels of sexual offenses are reduced in the contemporary society.
In conclusion, the medicalization of deviance has changed the manner of civil containment for sexual offenders. Through conducting tests for the criminals, the criminal justice system has a great chance of tracing a connection with future crimes from the patient. This circumstance has led to the establishment of institutions, which help to make the society a better place. The institutions, where the sexual offenders are treated, help shape their character and prevent them from committing further crimes. Therefore, this approach contributes to making the entire society safer.
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