American Revolution started early 1775; revolution was evoked by the dissatisfaction of the colonies with the treatment they got from Britain Empire. The Americans insisted that they are entitled to rights of Englishmen while the British wanted to have full control of the colonies and the parliament. The colonies however were independent in their own way of thinking because colonial legislatures were responsible of levying taxes and passing laws. These powers in the hands of the colonies had become rights in their colonies and thus when the British tried to curtail, conflict resulted.
The fact that leaders of revolution were knowledgeable on issues such as social contracts, separation of powers, and consent of the governed, had a major impact on revolution. They had acquired the knowledge through studying famous writings such as those from john Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau which encouraged them on the process of enlightenment. Locke’s theory for example influenced them by stating that a legitimate state authority should come from the people who are governed.
The theory also holds that when the people governed are not satisfied with the government, it is their right to rise up and express their views. The Americans believed that they had equal rights; they got supporting ideologies of this belief from enlightenment leaders such as John Adams and Benjamin Franklin. The theories of these were based on religious beliefs which stated that all men are equal and that not even the kings have divine rights. The membership that the Americans had in the British Empire was earlier on accepted since it would provide more trading opportunities and commerce, promote political stability, and offer military protection. These benefits were slowly realized for some time, they came at few costs and the English government soon left the colonies alone to control their activities. The British took the opportunity to control external trade and it is at this point that the Americans felt that their rights are at risk. For instance, the introductions of Stamp Act affected trade; the Americans were required to pay tax stamps on items which were meant to pay for the defense they were enjoying from the British. The relationship of the British Empire and the American colonies began to look strained; it was characterized by fear and suspicion and the bond looked breakable.
In 1763, the British Empire introduced new policies in the colonies, the policies dictated politics and international entities in the colonies. This brought a sharp contrast in the system of the colonies before the British came to America. This led to gradual crisis one after the other and the Americans were in this process getting disillusioned with the bond. In 1775, the level of tolerance had gone extremely low for all practical purposes and the need to amend the situation was in great demand.
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The colonies were viewed primarily from the perspective of trading; the territories were seen as precious possession in their activities. The quest by the British to take and control these territories was thus taken as abuse of their right on properties. In addition, the proclamation which was made in 1763 by the British required that there should be no settlement further than the Appalachian Mountains. This further angered the Americans and they took it as offense.
The Americans also believed that they were entitled to free trading with the world, this was hold close to their hearts as a natural right and there was no law restricting the exercise. The British introduced the navigation acts and the writs of assistance, which required merchants to trade on British ships in order to ensure duties are paid. The Americans were not used to this kind of trading and smugglers increased as traders tried to evade the duties. They traders could not take it anymore and they expressed their disapproval. They saw their rights trampled on, James Otis a Boston lawyer stood to challenge the Acts and stated that it was violating the constitutional rights of the Americans. Although he did not win the case, the performance incited the Americans to rebel against the trade policies by the British.
When the British decided on new ways of generating money for the defense they give to the Americans, they came up with the sugar and molasses acts which required that for every gallon, a tax of three pence was to be paid. This new act struck the Americans as their economy started to undergo a down turn. The colonial leaders raised their voices on the issue and claimed "taxation without representation," which meant that they were no member in the parliament to stand for their rights and interests.
In conclusion, the road to American Revolution was prepared by the cry for the recognition of the basic rights of colonists which were gradually eroded by the British Empire. The rebel on the taxes was not that they were too high, it was because they were not informed when they were imposed. This indicated that the Americans were independent in their own thinking and revolution was unstoppable. The American Revolution seemed more of protest on taxation system imposed by the British; unlike other nations, the revolution was not in protest of other social evils which were common in other colonies. In fact the revolution was not seen as independence; rather, it was taken as a break loose of a relationship.